External Climatic Factors That Affect an Interior Design Project
Dear friends, the emergence of architecture in human society has taken a wide and distinct role in itself. Starting from early eras where a man used to live in caves, we have seen a the remarkable growth in architecture and allied fields, which includes landscape and interior design. The recent being the use of computers and “Computer Aided Design” in architecture, which allows a kind of perfection in design and execution process of any building and its interiors.
In spite of all the technological advances, the primary function of any building, the structure remains the same, protection from outside environment and natural calamities. Starting from a place to “protect yourself ‘from nature, interior design has become a “status symbol”. Today’s interior spaces have a two-way channel, first and the obvious one is the function and the second one is aesthetical, which is a little complex one.
It is quite obvious that the interior design of a space is directly related to the function of the space. This means that two spaces like a home and an office have two well-defined functions, hence it will reflect in every aspect of the interior design solution. But apart from them, there is one more important factor that will affect each and every aspect of the final design solution, and that’s the geographical location of the architectural structure.
A hotel building at the seashore and the other one at a hill station will have a completely different set of problems to deal with. Let’s see in a short way what the external factors that can
affect an interior design solution
1) Amount of direct sunlight.
Locations in the far northern or southern hemisphere receive less amount of sunlight than those at the equator. That’s why here the building with more use of plane glass is used. Also, artificial lighting is given much importance.
2) External temperature.
External temperature directly affects the comfort level of internal spaces . Since external walls act as a “buffer” between internal and external climate, it is necessary to use the right construction material for walls. Depending upon the wall material the internal finishes also have limitations. This is especially true for a structure that faces extreme climatic ups and downs, such as locations in the Gulf countries. Here selecting substances that can sustain heavy climatic changes on a daily scale is challenging.
3) Humidity and Rainfall.
Because of the salty nature of air around coastal areas, extra care is taken for building construction materials, which can directly affect the entire budget of the project.
4) Wind Direction.
Wind direction and wind speed also have a direct effect on the interiors. Heavy winds exert a load on the external walls of the structure, thus affecting the construction technology.
5) Land Structure and Topography.
A land structure is the nature of land on which the structure stands. Various types of land structures include rock solid, marshy land, etc … The topography of the land is classified as the plane or a site with a slope. If the site of the structure is on a hill slope, extra precautions are taken to allow the natural flow of rainwater that the structure might block. Depending upon the quality of land surface the construction technology will change.
As far as interiors are concerned a well-planned structure with properly thought spaces is a must because internally the spaces get divided into various floors. From the above short discussion, it can be said that external factors and environment greatly affect the way structures are built and thus directly affecting the interior qualities of the structure.
Technological advances have allowed us to artificially control the internal environment of a building irrespective of what’s happening outside. But a carefully studied and well planned architectural space can easily cut the extra cost of air conditioning and other ventilation services.
I hope this article was informative to everyone.
Copyright Shrinivas Vaidya
Source by Shrinivas Vaidya